What are Moving averages?
Moving averages are among the most widely used and efficient indicators for technical analysis. Traders of all levels determine long term trends using this tool. We’ll cover how to define a trend, how to implement this indicator for support and 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 resistance levels, and how to use it as trade entry and exit signal.
What are Moving Averages?
Moving averages (MA) indicate the average trend within the chosen period, smooth out price action and filter out the noise. They are formed using the average closing price over a set number of periods. For example, a ten-day simple moving average is a total of the closing prices during a period 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 of ten days divided by ten.
The most commonly used moving averages are:
Simple Moving Average (SMA), which indicates the average movement of price during a particular time period;
Exponential 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 Moving Average (EMA), which is similar to SMA, but applies a greater weight to more recent prices.
Adding Moving Averages to your chart in MetaTrader 4
You can add moving averages to your chart simply by clicking the ‘indicators list’ icon in the toolbar and selecting ‘moving average’. From there you can choose the period and the type of MA you want to work with. If you’re using multiple moving averages you can change the color in order to identify them easily.
Simple Moving Averages vs. Exponential Moving Averages
SMA are slower than EMA 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 in responding to price action. Consequently, they indicate trends or trend reversals more slowly, but are less prone to false signals. EMA are better at catching trends early, though they will give you more false signals during consolidation periods.
Using several types of moving averages will give you a broader outlook. For instance, a trader might choose longer period SMA to help 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 understand the broader trend, and shorter period EMA for entry signals.
SMA may better identify support and resistance levels since they reflect a balanced average of prices over a set 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 time period.
How to determine a trend using MA?
When a price action remains above a moving average, it signals that the price 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 has an uptrend. Conversely, if a price action stays below the MA it indicates a downtrend.
Using several MA simultaneously can be beneficial in determining a trend. Make sure the MA lines are set in the correct order (from fastest to slowest in an uptrend, from slowest to fastest in a downtrend) to confirm that you are in a strong uptrend or downtrend.
Moving Average Crossovers
MA crossovers help to 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 determine when a new trend starts and when 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 an existing one is about to reverse.
Upward momentum is confirmed with a bullish crossover, when short-term MA crosse above longer-term MA. This can be called a ‘Golden Cross’. Downward momentum is confirmed with a bearish crossover, when 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 short-term MA cross below longer-term MA, also known as a ‘Death Cross’. Short term MA can be used for intraday trading, for instance, EMA with 5 and 10 periods.
Longer-term traders might prefer SMA crossovers with 50 and 200 periods.
On one hand, MA crossovers tend 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 to work well in trending markets, while on the other, they can be worthless in sideways or consolidating markets.
Moving Averages as Dynamic Support and Resistance Levels
MA can also be used as support in an uptrend and resistance in a downtrend. For example, a short-term uptrend might find support near the 21-day EMA, while a long-term uptrend might find support near the 200-day SMA.
50 and 200-period SMA are mostly followed on the daily chart and often represent key support and resistance levels. Keep in 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 mind that the levels are not exact, 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 and MA more often represent areas of support and resistance. Levels are also dynamic, as they are constantly changing based on recent price action.
MA is a multi-faceted indicator that can help you to define a trend, support and resistance. It can also show when a new trend starts and when a trend is 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 about to reverse. Set different periods of MA to determine what works best for your trading strategy.
本网站由StoneX集团公司(StoneX Group Inc.)旗下的全资子公司StoneX 移动平均线－如何用它来交易 Financial Ltd.和嘉盛全球市场有限公司(GAIN Global Markets, Inc.，“GGMI”)联合管理。StoneX Financial Ltd.在英国金融行为监管局(FCA)注册并受其监管(FCA号码：446717)。GGMI受开曼群岛金融管理局监管（许可证号码：25033）。在决定与其中任何StoneX集团公司(StoneX Group Inc.)旗下的受监管公司进行交易之前，您应仔细阅读并考虑所有条款条件、相关附件、通知和政策。
FOREX.com的母公司StoneX集团公司(StoneX Group Inc.)为纳斯达克证券交易所上市公司，透过旗下成员企业在全球7个监管区域下运作，其中包括英国金融行为监管局(FCA)、美国商品期货委员会(CFTC)、美国国家期货协会(NFA)、日本金融服务管理局(FSA)、澳大利亚证券投资委员会(ASIC)、开曼群岛金融管理局(CIMA)、加拿大投资行业监管组织(IIROC)和新加坡金融管理局(MAS)。
FOREX.com可能时常通过StoneX Financial Ltd. (地址：Moor House First Floor, 120 London Wall, London, EC2Y 5ET, United Kingdom)来提供与信用卡相关的支付服务。
嘉盛全球市场有限公司(GAIN Global Markets, Inc.)为StoneX集团公司(StoneX Group Inc.)旗下成员，其主营业地址：30 Independence Blvd, Suite 300 (3rd floor), Warren, NJ 07059, USA。